The Leadership Model – Mourinho & Waterboy
“The Mourinho Code”
Above you see my interpretation of Jose Mourinhos football leadership. I have combined a few different leadership models and leadership theories to an own leadership model which I have dubbed “The Mourinho Code“ It is these leadership elements that I think Jose Mourinho is masterful in getting in place in the football teams he works with. The success of a football team is linked to how well you get the various blocks in place.
“We lead the league with nine points. Is it because we have been lucky? Of course not. It’s about anything else but lucky when you’re talking about my players. “ /José Mourinho
Football Leader responsibility vs Team Responsibility
Scale: The Scale above describes the share of responsibilities between the football leader and the football team. Of course the football coach is always ultimately responsible for all aspects and in particular for the football teams results, but it is the football team that delivers the results. A football leader’s main parts are in the beginning, with the creation of energy / motivation and to focus the energy through the formulation of objectives or goals.
Energy / Motivation in Football
To explain why we do something or why have to do things in a certain way is the football leadership foundation, together with the description of the obstacles/threats and opportunities.
“From here each practice, each game, each minute of your social life must center on the aim of being champions” “First-teamer will not be a correct word. I need all of you. You need each other. We are a TEAM.” (in a letter sent to the players) / José Mourinho
Goals / Direction in Football Coaching
When the energy / motivation is there by understanding why. You need to direct the energy/motivation with formulation of objectives / statements / imaginary pictures etc. What is the target? You have a limited amount of energy, make sure you direct it on right things!
“I want to see Mr. Moratti hold the trophy and see him crying.” / José Mourinho
“I must defend what is mine. At the moment it’s my Champions League. I’m the last winner – so it’s my competition“. ”I am absolutely SURE That We Will be champions next season. “
/ José Mourinho
Teamwork = Capacity + team spirit – Co-operational Losses
The three parts in the middle are about teamwork within the football team, and the parts are picked from Steiner’s model, and describes the football team’s cooperation and the conditions to achieve results. Steiner’s model is based on what we can strengthen within our football team, capacity and team spirit and try to minimize the third, co-operational losses. Capacity in football can be e.g. as equipment, training and utilization of, knowledge, skills, physical, mental skills, etc. Team spirit can be difficult to define, it is something that exists in the football team and makes the football team stronger. We-esteem, security, appreciation, positive climate, could be a few key words when talking about football team spirit. Co-operational Losses example as unclear roles, wrong positions on the field, bad passes, in short, all errors, which complicates and degrades the football team.
Co-operational losses consist mainly of two categories, co-ordination losses and motivation problems. Motivational losses tend to occur when the football team size increases, then you suddenly don’t get 100% from each football team member, this phenomenon is called social loafing.
“We have top class players and, sorry if I sound arrogant, we have a coach of the highest class.” “In general terms we must think more about our football and not play by instinct.”
/ José Mourinho (See also statement, in energy block)
Results in Football
What have you achieved? Visualize what you have achieved, hard and soft results. Small and Large. Short and long term.
“We’re not entertaining? Okay, I do not care: we win …“/ José Mourinho
Feedback in Football Coaching
How was the performance? What did we do well? What could be improved? What have we learned? What do we take with us in the future? Your feedback will affect all the parts in the leadership model, energy, direction of energry, teamwork and what results you will achieve in the future with your football team, create a postive spiral towards future success.
“We Would Have Won this game even with seven players. Maybe with six we would have struggled, but we would Have Won with seven. ” / José Mourinho
“I hate to speak about players individually. Players Do Not win trophies, squads win trophies… I love players who love to win. They not only win in 90 minutes, But Every Day, Every training session, in every moment Of Their Lives “. / José Mourinho
Categorize your earlier football coaching knowledge
Probably you already have a good knowledge of many of the football leadership blocks, this is just a way to structure it. The Jose Mourinho statements are in some case at the “edge” or even extreme and therefore you need to find your own ways of expressing things, but I think his statements visualizes clearly e.g. his goals/targets for the next football season. The goals are clear for all involved football players, people round the team, even the media and the fans.
Analyze your football teams strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats – SWOT
Use the blocks to analyze your own football team, where you are strong and where are you lagging. You can use the leadership model on different levels, for the whole football organization, for the football team, group of players (e.g. goalies, defense, midfielders, forwards) and for individual players and of course for you self as a football coach. It’s also suitable for the whole football season, each football practice or a drill on your football practice. Why are we having this football drill? What’s the purpose of it? What/who do you need? What are the teaching points (to avoid the co-operational losses)? How was the result? What could you see? How did the players feel they performed? What worked well? What can be improved?
This is the football leadership model on an overall level and we will now start to dig into each leadership part deeply, I personally find it better to give you the whole picture on an overall level before going in to the details, that’s so you don’t need to try to figure out how the picture of this leadership puzzle looks like when you are reading the details.
I hope you get some guidance in solving “The Mourinho Code” through this football leadership model and the following pages in this football coaching and leadership blog.